Essay Linking Words Ielts Result

Here is a list of linking words for your IELTS speaking with tips and models. For speaking you need some simple linking words and natural phrases to help the examiner follow your ideas and stories. These linking words  and signposts are simple and informal on the whole. IELTS writing is different and requires the use of a wide range of linkers.


Adding more information

  • and
  • also
  • as well as
  • another reason is

Time Phrases

You should use signposts to help the listening understand when you are talking about the past or the present.

  • now
  • at the moment
  • at present
  • right now
  • these days
  • nowadays
  • in the past
  • before
  • then
  • at that time
  • years ago
  • when I was younger

Expressing ideas

  • I think one important thing is
  • I guess one difference is
  • I suppose the main difference between X and Y is

Causes and Solutions

  • I guess it’s because
  • The main reason is
  • It was caused by
  • Because
  • I suppose the best way to deal with this problem is
  • I reckon the only answer is to
  • The best way to solve this is

Giving Examples

These connective devices are for giving examples in your answers. The most common and natural to use is “like”. Please note that “like” can’t be used as a linking device in IELTS writing.

  • for example
  • for instance
  • such as
  • like

Being Clear

You use these simple, natural expression to explain your point again more clearly or get your answer back on track.

  • What I mean is
  • What I want to say is
  • As I was saying

Contrasting and concessions

Use these connecting words to compare and contrast or give concessions.

  • but
  • on the other hand
  • while
  • although
  • or

Free PDF Download: Linking words for IELTS Speaking

Examples of Linking Words in Speaking

Look at the following questions and answers. See what linking words are contained in the answers.

Q. Do you eat much fruit?

A. Yes, I do. I love tropical fruit like mangoes and pineapples.

Comments: We would not use “for example” in this type of sentence which relates to our everyday life.

Q. Do you think fast food is bad?

A. Yes, I do. If it is eaten too often, it can cause problems such as heart disease or diabetes. Also, it can lead to weight problems which are really common nowadays.

Comments: You could use “such as” or “for example” in this sentence because the content is more serious. Please note that we don’t use “furthermore” or “in addition” for speaking, instead we use “also” or “and”.

Q. Do children play similar games today that they played in the past?

A. No, I don’t think they do. Before, children used to play simple games like hide and seek or they used to play with simple handmade toys. But, these days, kids tend to prefer computer games and their toys are battery operated. 

Comments: This answer contained time phrases for the past and present “before” and “these days”. It also had an example “like”. “Like” is the main example linking word for speaking and can be repeated again and again. This answer also uses a contrasting linking word “but”. “But” is the main contrasting linking word in speaking and can be repeated many times.

Mistakes with Linking Words in Speaking

The example below will help you understand how not to answer a question with linking words.

Q. Do you like going out with friends?

A. Yes, I do. Firstly, it gives me a chance to relax. Secondly, I can catch up on their news. Last but not least, it allows me the opportunity to visit new places.

Comments: The method of linking is too formal. It is inappropriate and is not a good for a high score.

See below what the answer should be:

A. Yes, I do. It’s great being able to chill out and catch up with their news. Also we often go out to new places which I really enjoy.

Comments: This answer was more natural and would be marked higher in IELTS speaking. The linking words are used appropriately (and / also).

Tips for Linking Devices in IELTS Speaking

  • Don’t use formal linking words for simple questions about yourself and your life.
  • Don’t worry about repeating linking words. This is different to IELTS writing.
  • The most common linking words for speaking are: and, but, because, also, like (for giving examples)
  • “Like” is only used as a linking word to give examples in speaking NOT in writing.
  • You do not get a higher score because used a range of linking devices.
  • Linking words in speaking are just to help the listener understand better.
  • Linking words are used naturally not formally in IELTS speaking.
  • Linking words are part of the criterion of “Fluency and Coherence” which is 25% of your marks.

Linking Devices for IELTS Writing

The following link will provide you with a list of Essential Linking Words for Writing Task 2. For IELTS writing, you MUST use a range of formal linking words in your essay to get a high score. This is applicable to both GT and academic students.

IELTS Speaking Questions

IELTS speaking common questions and topics to practice for your test.

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics

IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics

IELTS Speaking Part 3 Topics

IELTS Speaking Model Answers and Tips:

IELTS Speaking Page

Main IELTS Pages

Develop your IELTS skills with tips, model answers, lessons, free videos and more.


IELTS Writing Task 2 Vocabulary and Organisation

An overview of IELTS writing task 2: Useful vocabulary and information

 by Derick Smith

For writing Task 2, which is worth more than Task 1, you should spend about 40 minutes writing a 250 word essay. You will be given a contemporary social topic which you must respond to in a number of ways. 

Examples of IELTS task 2 question types:

  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages
  • Discuss both sides
  • Give a reason why you think the problem exists
  • Express your views about the issue
  • Say whether you agree or disagree
  • Decide which side of the argument you support

As always, first make sure to read the question carefully to identify every part. (If you do not address each part you will not get a good mark in this task.)

Example IELTS task 2 question:

In general, people do not talk to one another when using public transport. Why is this so, and what could be done to change this situation?

Next you should make a plan about what you will write and how you will arrange it. For example -  

  1. Identify a number of reasons
  2. decide which will be primary and which will be supporting ideas
  3. think about a number of possible solutions
  4. organise your paragraphs


This vocabulary will get you started but you must develop and expand on these structures and find a variety that you understand fully and can use confidently.

Giving your opinion

In my opinion… / My opinion is that… /

It would seem that.../ It appears that...

I somewhat agree / agree / strongly agree with the idea that…

I somewhat disagree / disagree / strongly disagree with the idea that…

I think / believe / feel that…

From my point of view / perspective...

Structuring your writing- Main points

First / First of all / Firstly…/ In the first place...

Initially.../ To begin with.../ To start with…

Some people believe that.../ Many people think that…

Structuring your writing - Supporting / contrasting points

Second / Second of all / Secondly… / In the second place…

Then... / Next… / After that.../

Besides… / Likewise… / In addition …

Consequently… / What’s more… / Furthermore… / Moreover...

On the other hand… / Apart from that… / Finally...

Concluding your writing

On balance, I believe….

In general / seems like / that

In summary…

My personal conclusion is…

As we have seen…

For more detailed information about paragraph 1 and how to approach it check out our post ‘IELTS Task 2: Discuss both sides and give your opinion’

For structuring Task 2 check out our post here

And for more information and practice tests check out our top ten IELTS blogs.

Now it's your turn... Try to use any of this vocabulary in a sentence and post it in the comments below. If you have any questions, please ask us in the comments section.

Post by Derick Smith

IELTS Dublin

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