Transcript of APWH CCOT Essay
Social hierarchies-classes, ability to move up the social ladder. Gender issues-rights of women, make sure to distinguish between upper and lower classes in the society. Slavery in society. Levels of education.
CCOT: what's it stand for?
Change, as in how did things change? What was different from when it started? Why? How? What were the effects?
What stayed the same from the beginning, despite the changes that took place?
What time period did these changes take place?
What time period is mentioned in the question?
What kind of topics could it include?
How long should I take on it?
take about 5 minutes to organize your essay (no more than 10 mins)
The most helpful thing you've got
in planning the CCOT essay...
what is happening at the beginning of the time period as related to the topic(s) in the prompt?
you'll spend the rest of your time writing the essay (30 mins is suggested)
try to write quickly, using your BCC chart for reference, but don't write so messy that it's unreadable.
What should my essay include?
using your BCC chart, you should make an outline for ideas and presentation
paragraph 1: intro and thesis
paragraph 2: beginning
paragraph 3: changes
paragraph 4: continuities
paragraph 5: bring it home
the thesis is your roadmap
this is important, your thesis is what will define the rest of your paper.
how to write a nice thesis
step 1. FULLY ADDRESS THE QUESTION
step 3. address AT LEAST 2 changes and 2 continuities
provide an outline of your changes and continuities that you can expand on in your body paragraphs.
step 2. Takes a stand (categories) with regard to the question asked.
A. the key terms and parameters
B. the time period(s)
C. the region(s) to be discussed
summarize all of the info in your essay, make connections to the world, how did this affect your topic's global standpoint? how did this impact the future?
How will I be graded?
a thesis that addresses
the global issues in the question
and covers the correct time period(s)
what they want
what it's worth
address all parts of the question
(both change & continuity)
historical evidence that supports
show change over time using relevant
history, including characteristic of
the time period to explain context
analyze the process of change and continuity, and describe what changed and how it changed, including the causes & effects
a comprehensive, analytical thesis
analysis of all parts of the issue
ample historical evidence that acts as proof for your thesis
connections to ideas, events, or other issues
what they want
what it's worth
what is a good score?
a 7 is quite good, but you want to
shoot for a 9. remember, if you
don't get all of the basic core requirements, then you don't even have a chance to get the expanded core.
even if you have all of the expanded core points, but miss one of the basic core points, you're looking at a 6, which is good but not great
what if I don't know about the topic?
there is a chance that you might get a question that you don't know how to answer, but the CCOT writing prompts always give you a list of countries, time periods, or political units to choose from
if you're stumbling through your essay, just write everything you know about the topic, even if it seems small or unimportant, just make sure you don't forget about organization
Explain the changes that occurred from the beginning to the end of the period OR from the first period to the second (depending on the question). Be sure to explain (analyze) WHY these changes took place; remember that the pivot is usually the determining factor of change.
Explain what conditions, characteristics or patterns remained the same from the beginning of the period to the end and (analyze) WHY the stability remained.
Brainstorm change(s) that occurred during the time period as related to the topic(s) in the prompt.
Brainstorm things that remained consistent during the ENTIRE period as related to the topic(s) in the prompt.
Establish the MAJOR characteristics, patterns or conditions at the beginning of the time period.
List the major occurrence(s) in the prompt's timeframe that caused changes to happen, this will often become the analysis for the essay.
Analyze WHY the change(s) happened
WHY the consistency remained
Includes state systems: having to do with political organization of a government in a society. Military power & organization.
Includes trade: internal and external economic activity within a society. Agriculture: subsistence or commercial. Manufacturing. Economic systems like merchantilism, manorialism, free enterprise.
Includes intellectual development: This incorporates ideologies, belief systems, aesthetics, and education. Written language and development.
MIGRATION AND DEMOGRAPHY:
M-The movement of peoples permanantly or temporarily.
D-Anything that influences population shift positively or negatively with respect to size and density, distribution and statistics.
New tools and inventions that help advance society. Include SPECIFIC EXAMPLES!
Systems of making a living including agriculture, trade, manufacturing; groups in society that perform manual labor and undesirable work of the society like slavery, coercive labor, debt labor indentured servitude.
How societies impact and are impacted by the environment. Both positively and negatively.
Points to Consider
Focus on WHY in change and continuty paragraphs.
ABCD Method for thesis and body paragraph set up.
A-Address the prompt
B-Beginning of period
D-Did not change
Be sure to support generalizations with SPECIFIC EVIDENCE.
Provide the connections to the thesis and the analysis.
Refer to time and sequencing to show understanding of the importance of chronology in history.
Connect local developments to global themes.
Presentation on theme: "HOW TO WRITE A CHANGE AND CONTINUITY OVER TIME ESSAY (CCOT)"— Presentation transcript:
1 HOW TO WRITE A CHANGE AND CONTINUITY OVER TIME ESSAY (CCOT)
History is about change over time, so this essay gets at the heart of the discipline. The essay is more than a comparison of two points in time however; it is a description of the process of change. The focus is on large global issues.In constructing your essay, you should ask yourself:*How were things different at the end of the time period from what they were at the beginning?*What were the processes of change and the causes of change withintime periods?*To what extent has the distinctiveness over time been maintained?*To what extent have things returned to an earlier form?*Were there dead ends? Changes that began but stopped? Majorturning points?
2 Examples of topics for a CCOT essay might include:
Technology: development, spread, acceptance, rejection, modification, influenceEuropean encounters with indigenous peoples(Hawaii, Australia, AmericasAgriculture, spread of cropsCommunications and transportationCulture: music, art, architecture, craftsmanshipTrade: development, spread, acceptance, rejection, modificaiton, influenceRaw materialsType of economy (command, open, mixed)Tax system, government influenceInfluence of geographyReligion/belief systemsMigrations (forced or voluntary, seasonal or permanent, over a short or long period of time)Social classes Labor Systems Climatic changesGender roles Military Population changesGovernment Biological developmentsDisease
3 Analyze continuities and changes in trade networks between Africa
2012 CCOT Question:Analyze continuities and changes in trade networks between Africaand Eurasia from circa 300 C.E. to 1450 C.E.
4 For Practice: Analyze continuities and changes in religion from
500 C.E. to 1700 C.E.
5 CHANGE-AND-CONTINUITY-OVER-TIME ESSAY
THESIS: Write a thesis that addresses the global issues in the question and covers the correct time period. Your thesis must explicitly state the time period, and show a change and continuity.Address all parts of the question: You must answer all parts of the question, even if your answer is not balanced. If you leave out part of the question (a continuity for example), you can still get partial credit for this section of the rubric.Supports your thesis with appropriate historical evidence: You need to have at least 5 examples of evidence that help answer the question; partial credit can be earned for this section.
6 CHANGE-AND-CONTINUITY-OVER-TIME ESSAY con't.
Show the change over time using relevant history: Include the characteristics of historical periods to explain the context of change. You should give examples of at least 3 (one per paragraph).Analyze the process of change and continuity: Describe what changed and how it changed, not just what the results of change were. This is where you show understanding of the process of change. You should have at least 3 examples of analysis (one per paragraph)
7 EXPANDED CORE: comprehensive, analytical and explicit thesis
addressed all parts of the issue (e.g., time, continuity and change, causes and effects, and a global scope)addresses all parts of the question evenlyample historical evidence to prove the thesisconnections to ideas, events, and other issues in some imaginative way
8 HOW SHOULD YOUR CCOT ESSAY BE ORGANIZED?
First paragraph:B - background (include the dates of the time period)A - argument (thesis that shows a change and continuity AND answers the question completelyR - roadmap - give the reader an idea of how you are going to support your thesis (what your three body paragraphs will be about)Paragraphs 2,3 and 4:A general concept or feature that shows a change and/or continuity(this might be a good place to show historical context)specific change, with evidence to support itspecific continuity, with evidence to support itAnalysis that explains the process of change or why things stayed the same